IJEDST 2018 Volume 6 Issue 2

International Journal of Education, Development, Society and Technology (IJEDST) ISSN: 2321 – 7537

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Schools and Teachers as Barriers to the Integration of ICT into Teaching and Learning Environments: A Review of the literature with an addendum on the Kenyan situation.

Authors & Affiliation:

Jared Nyachoti Kimanga

Kenyatta University. School of Education. Department of Educational Communication and Technology



It has been a long cherished and declared ambition of the government of the republic of Kenya to integrate ICT into the teaching and learning environment at all levels of the school system starting from the elementary classes right up to university level. This paper looks into the barriers such a project is likely to run into and isolates two types of barrier for detailed analysis namely teacher-level barriers and school-level barriers. The declared intentions of the government of Kenya are outlined in addendum and recommendations made on possible ways to overcome the identified barriers.

Key words: Information Communication Technology, Knowledge, Education, Training, Integration, Barrier