IJEDST 2017 Volume 5 Issue 5

International Journal of Education, Development, Society and Technology (IJEDST) ISSN: 2321 – 7537

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The Nexus between Motivation, Job Satisfaction and Productivity of Librarians in Public Universities in Nigeria. Dr Japheth A. Yaya, Dr Vincent Unegbu & George O. Onyenania. IJEDST (2017), 5(5):25-50




The Nexus between Motivation, Job Satisfaction and Productivity of Librarians in Public Universities in Nigeria

Authors & Affiliation:

Dr Japheth A. Yaya 1, Dr Vincent Unegbu2 & George O. Onyenania3

1 Chief Librarian/Lecturer, Nigerian Baptist Theological Seminary, P.M.B. 4008, Ogbomoso, Oyo State, Nigeria

2 Associate Professor, Babcock University, Information Resources Management, Ilishan-Remo, Ogun State, Nigeria

3 Librarian 1, Yaba College of Technology, Yaba, Lagos State, Nigeria

yjapheth@yahoo.com, unegbuv@babcock.edu.ng


This study investigated the link between employee motivation, job satisfaction and productivity of librarians in Nigerian public universities. A correlation survey research design was adopted. The study population consisted of 1,254 librarians in public university libraries in Nigeria, from which 923 were selected using simple random sampling. The research instrument used was a self-developed questionnaire. The questionnaire was validated by experts in the areas of the variables studied; it gave a reliability coefficient of 0.77 for Motivation; 0.78 for Job Satisfaction; and 0.94 for Productivity. A response rate of 67.2% was achieved. Data were analysed using descriptive (percentage, mean, average mean and standard deviation) and inferential (Pearson Product Moment Correlation) statistics. The study revealed a significant relationship between employee motivation and job satisfaction (r = 0.030, P < 0.05); as well as between employee motivation and productivity (r = 0.035, P < 0.05) of librarians in public university libraries in Nigeria. The study concluded that contrary to general belief, job satisfaction and productivity levels of librarians in university libraries were high. The factors that contributed to the satisfaction and productivity of librarians was adequate motivation. It is recommended that university library management should continue to promote values such as improved employee recognition, good leadership style and improved human capital development programmes that would increase job satisfaction and productivity of its workforce.

Keywords: Employee motivation, Intrinsic motivation, Extrinsic motivation, Job satisfaction, Productivity, Public university libraries.