IJEDST 2016 Volume 4 Issue 3
International Journal of Education, Development, Society and Technology (IJEDST) ISSN: 2321 – 7537
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Exploring the Relationship between Motivation and Job Satisfaction of Librarians in Public Universities in Nigeria. Japheth Abdulazeez Yaya, Rosaline Oluremi Opeke. IJEDST (2016), 4(3):15-43
Exploring the Relationship between Motivation and Job Satisfaction of Librarians in Public Universities in Nigeria
Authors & Affiliation:
Japheth Abdulazeez Yaya, Rosaline Oluremi Opeke
Chief Librarian/Lecturer, Nigerian Baptist Theological Seminary, P.M.B. 4008, Ogbomoso, Oyo State, Nigeria;
Professor, Information Resources Management, Babcock University, Ilishan-Remo, Ogun State, Nigeria
Motivation of employees plays a crucial role in achieving the job satisfaction and enhancing the general productivity of workers in any organization. The general opinion was that job satisfaction and productivity of librarians in public university libraries in Nigeria were low and a cause for concern. This study investigated employee motivation, emotional intelligence and human capital development as correlates of job satisfaction and productivity of librarians in Nigerian public universities. A correlational survey research design was adopted. The study population consisted of 1,254 librarians in public university libraries in Nigeria, from which 923 were selected using simple random sampling. The research instrument used was a self-developed questionnaire. The questionnaire validation was subjected to the scrutiny of other experts in the areas of the variables studied; it gave a reliability coefficient of 0.77 for Motivation; and 0.78 for Job Satisfaction. A response rate of 67.2% was achieved. Data were analysed using descriptive (percentage, mean, average mean and standard deviation) and inferential (Pearson Product Moment Correlation) statistics. The study revealed a significant relationship between employee motivation and job satisfaction (r = 0.030, P < 0.05) of librarians in public university libraries in Nigeria. The study concluded that contrary to general belief, job satisfaction and motivation levels of librarians in university libraries were high. It is recommended that university library management should continue to promote values such as improved employee recognition, good leadership style and improved human capital development programmes that would increase job satisfaction and productivity of its workforce.
Keywords: Employee motivation, intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation, Librarians’ job satisfaction, public university libraries.